Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

It is important to differentiate interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as a genre. In the first instance, meeting, that is, communication with individuals, is one of three straight ways to get information with a researcher. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness of this event,
  • dealing with documents, where in actuality the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as a method of data gathering in change are divided into:

  • genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the characteristics of an individual, then to mirror them when you look at the text).

The reportage interview had been talked about into the past chapter. In regards to the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting as being a genre, being a way of text formatting by means of concerns from the www.eliteessaywriters.com/blog/how-to-write-a-follow-up-letter interviewer while the answers for the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the quantity of questions associated with researcher is minimized (they generally are no after all), during the other pole – a discussion, if the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally talks much with long arguments.

The truth that the meeting is a discussion, suggests in regards to the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion could be carried out with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint of the journalist has also been interesting to visitors, due to the fact viewpoint associated with interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews with respect to the topic. Subject interview

Depending on the subject, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the subject interview is their state of things in just about any field of activity. Often that is a job interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be connected with this situation. For instance, a police officer tells simple tips to protect a condo from thieves. The doctor explains simple tips to protect yourself from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis is going to be on the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate from the meeting subject, nor the private lifetime of the interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling of the topic interview consists of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there clearly was a parsing for the subject for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject using the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.

The hero for the interview that is subject also be an eyewitness or participant in the event. It is a given information interview, among the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is always to learn as much as possible the important points and information on what occurred. Such as the truth of a professional, the interlocutor’s interaction utilizing the topic is very first shown, then the topic is deepened, therefore the ending is specialized in basic impressions of what happened in addition to conclusions that the interlocutor made.